About Garhwal

Garhwal is a region in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It is located in the Himalayas andd is bounded by Tibet to the north, Kumaon to the east, Uttar Pradesh to the south, and Himachal Pradesh to the west. Garhwal has a rich history and culture and is home to many popular tourist destinations, including the Char Dham pilgrimage circuit.

A Chronicle of Garhwal’s Glorious History

The Katyuri Dynasty

The Katyuri dynasty was the first historical dynasty to rule over Garhwal. They were a Hindu dynasty, and their rule is believed to have begun in the 7th century CE. The Katyuris were responsible for building many temples and other structures in Garhwal, including the Kedarnath Temple and the Badrinath Temple.

The Panwar Dynasty

In the 15th century, the Katyuri dynasty was overthrown by the Panwar dynasty. The Panwar dynasty ruled Garhwal for over 300 years. During this time, Garhwal experienced a period of peace and prosperity.

The Gorkha Invasion

In the 18th century, it was invaded by the Gorkhas, a Hindu kingdom from Nepal. The Gorkhas ruled Garhwal for 12 years. During this time, its suffered greatly. Many temples and other structures were destroyed, and many people were killed.

The Anglo-Gorkha War

In 1815, the British defeated the Gorkhas in the Anglo-Gorkha War. The British then took control of Garhwal. The British ruled Garhwal for over 100 years. During this time, Garhwal experienced a period of economic and social development.

Indian Independence

In 1947, India gained independence from the British. Then it became a part of the new nation of India.

Since Independence

Since independence, it has continued to develop. It is now a popular tourist destination and is home to many important historical and cultural sites.

Districts

The Garhwal region is divided into seven districts:

  • Chamoli
  • Dehradun
  • Haridwar
  • Pauri Garhwal
  • Rudraprayag
  • Tehri Garhwal
  • Uttarkashi

National Parks

Garhwal is home to seven national parks:

Rajaji National Park

    Rajaji National Park
Govind National Park

    Govind National Park. Credit : eswara satyanarayana.g

The national parks in Garhwal are home to a variety of wildlife, and offer visitors a unique opportunity to experience the beauty of the Himalayas. The parks are also important for conservation, and help to protect the wildlife and ecosystems of the region.

If you are planning to visit Garhwal, I recommend that you do some research to learn more about the national parks and their attractions. You can also contact the park authorities for more information.

Pilgrimage & Devotees Places

Garhwal is a popular destination for pilgrims, and is home to many important Hindu pilgrimage sites, including:

  • Char Dham: This pilgrimage circuit includes the four major Hindu pilgrimage sites of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri.
  • Panch Badri: This pilgrimage circuit includes the five Badri temples, which are located in different parts of Garhwal.
  • Panch Kedar: This pilgrimage circuit includes the five Kedar temples, which are located in different parts of Garhwal.
  • Panch Prayag: This pilgrimage circuit includes the five confluences of rivers, which are located in different parts of Garhwal.

Wildlife Sanctuary

Garhwal is home to several wildlife sanctuaries, including:

  • Asan Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Chilla Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Gomukh Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary

Culture & Heritage

Garhwal has a rich culture and heritage, which is reflected in its traditional food, folk dance, and folk music.

Traditional food :

Garhwali cuisine/food is known for its use of fresh, local ingredients. Some popular Garhwali dishes include thukpa, siddu, and bhat.

Folk dance :

Garhwali folk dance is known for its lively and energetic performances. Some popular Garhwali folk dances include the Chaur Dance, the Jhanda Dance, and the Gair Dance.

Folk music:

Garhwali folk music is known for its beautiful melodies and soulful lyrics. Some popular Garhwali folk songs include the “Jhule Lal”, the “Bhadrakali”, and the “Gobind Geet”.

Garhwal Festivals: coming soon

Garhwal Fairs: coming soon

Garhwali Language

Garhwali is a Pahari language spoken by the Garhwali people. It is a member of the Indo-Aryan language family, and is closely related to Kumaoni, another Pahari language. Garhwali is written in the Devanagari script.

I hope this page has given you a better understanding of Garhwal. If you are planning to visit Garhwal, I recommend that you do some research to learn more about the region and its attractions.

Please do check out these things also:

  • Things to do in Garhwal
  • Best places to visit in Garhwal